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New ‘monitors’ to welcome kids at SDMC schools

The South Delhi Municipal Corporation has installed nearly 4,000 CCTVs in its 388 primary school campuses. Sidharth Ravi finds out that while experts have some privacy concerns, parents are happy about improved security and teachers rejoice at having a tool to keep students in line

(Above) A CCTV camera installed at a South Delhi Municipal Corporation school in Arjun Nagar; (right) control room inside the school where footage from all the cameras on campus are fed into a computer. Sushil Kumar Verma

Primary schools run by the Delhi municipal corporations are infamous for their inadequate infrastructure, staff shortage, and abysmal annual enrolment numbers.

The schools, which do not charge any fee, are largely attended by children from the poorest sections of society. Most of the students have left for their villages for summer vacation and will be back in July when the schools reopen.

The children attending schools run by the South Delhi Municipal Corporation (SDMC) are in for a surprise as the civic body has installed nearly 4,000 CCTV cameras in its 388 primary school campuses.

The primary municipal school in Humayunpur was one of the first to get the CCTVs, which were installed early this year.

From his office, principal Inder Mani Mishra has access to footage from the 12 cameras installed around the school’s campus. The CCTVs have been set up at the entrance gate, entry to toilets, corridors, the playground, an “activity room” where joint classes are held, and other strategic locations. No cameras have been installed inside classrooms.

Constant monitoring

“We can see who is picking up or dropping off the kids… We have heard of unfortunate incidents that happened in some schools; the cameras are useful in that regard,” said Mr. Mishra.

But security is not the only thing that the CCTVs are useful for, they also help keep the students in line. “We sometimes scare the students by telling them that there are cameras watching them, they become alert after that… at least for a while, then they go back to being themselves,” said the principal smiling.

The cameras have also helped resolve issues between students. When seven-year-old Sagar stole a pair of shoes, it was the threat of being revealed on camera that made him admit the mistake and return the shoes. At the time the incident occurred, the cameras were only live-streaming and there was no recording of the incident.

Mr. Mishra now wants a camera to be installed at the staircase as the students have figured out that the area is not under the watch of any CCTV, and are especially “shararati [naughty]” there.

“But if kids are not naughty then how are they kids,” asked Ashok Kumar, a parent of a student who goes to the school in Humayunpur. Mr. Kumar is glad that the cameras have been installed. “There has not been any untoward incident here but you do not wait for something to happen before taking precautions,” he said.

When Chief Minister Arvind Kejriwal had announced the CCTV scheme for Delhi government schools, he had also proposed that the footage would be made available to parents through a mobile app.

Mr. Kumar and other parents believe the same facility will be provided to them. When asked whether they were worried about their child’s privacy, Mr. Kumar argued: “They are little kids, what privacy do they need?”

Around 3,940 CCTVs have been installed in 388 SDMC schools, many of which have two shifts — effectively creating a total of 581 schools.

The project was undertaken at a cost of roughly ₹5.5 crore. The smaller schools have around eight cameras while the bigger schools have up to 16 CCTVs, said an official.

Education activist and advocate Ashok Agarwal said he supported the installation of CCTVs given the frequent cases of corporal punishment and other life-threatening incidents that take place in schools. “Municipal schools are also woefully lacking in security guards,” he added.

Mr. Agarwal, however, opposed the idea of CCTVs being installed inside classrooms. “There is a relationship inside a classroom between teachers and students that should remain private,” he said.

“If access to this footage is given to parents, who knows how it might be used,” said Mr. Agarwal, suggesting possible misuse by paedophiles.

Nandini Sharma, the chairperson of the SDMC Education Committee, said there are no plans to provide parents access to the CCTV footage. “We do believe there is some privacy which belongs to the child that we should not interfere in. After all, no one appreciates such an intrusion,” she added.

Location of CCTVs

Ms. Sharma said that while locations of two-three cameras were pre-decided, the rest were left to the discretion of the principals. Several municipal schoolteachers The Hindu spoke to said they were not consulted on locations of the CCTVs. The recorded footage is stored up to one month.

Last year, a public interest petition was filed before the Delhi High Court seeking direction to the authorities not to instal CCTV cameras inside classrooms. The plea contended that it was not “healthy” to have cameras inside rooms where children, including girls, often discuss personal things among themselves.

It also contended that constant scrutiny would have a psychological impact on the children apart from raising concerns of voyeurism and stalking.

The petition further argued that installing cameras without a regulatory mechanism on access to its footage could lead to incidents of stalking and molestation. The HC is yet to pass any direction on the petition, which is now posted for hearing on September 1.

At the municipal school in Humayunpur, Mr. Mishra said that whenever students entered his room they could not keep their eyes off the CCTV feed and would quickly point out if they saw someone stepping out of line. “Look sir! Look at what he is doing,” the principal imitated the students.

AAP’s ‘Bijli Andolan’ begins today

People in Punjab paying higher tariffs compared with Delhi: Harpal Cheema

Harpal Singh Cheema.File photo

The Aam Aadmi Party has decided to launch a statewide ‘Bijli Andolan’ against the ruling Congress government’s recent decision to increase electricity tariffs in Punjab.

“We will start a movement from tomorrow [June 24] against the Congress government’s decision to increase power tariffs,” said Harpal Singh Cheema, who is the Leader of the Opposition in the Punjab Assembly.

Anti-people agreements

The decision to launch ‘Bijli Andolan’ was taken by the party’s core committee at a recently held meeting, he said, in which an outline of the movement was also discussed.

“People in Punjab are paying very high tariffs for electricity compared to other States, which was a fallout of the anti-State and anti-people agreements signed between the previous BJP-SAD government and private power players,” he said.

Mr. Cheema said party MLAs along with volunteers will over the next seven days travel across the State and tell people about the existing high power tariffs as compared to other States, especially Delhi, which is ruled by AAP. “While the Punjab government collects cow cess through electricity bills in the name of taking care of stray animals, but the problem continues to grow. We will make people aware about the fact that they are paying very high power bills in Punjab, while in Delhi power tariffs are cheapest in the country,” said Mr. Cheema.

To intensify stir

He added that party leaders and members will submit a charter of demands to Chief Minister Amarinder Singh through the Deputy Commissioners.

Mr. Cheema said after June 30, the party would intensity its agitation against the government for its “anti-people” policies.

Pune’s cricket museum now on Google Art and Culture

360-degree view of ‘Blades of Glory’ available to fans across the world

Extensive collection: Rohan Pate’s cricket museum now joins the ranks of London’s Tate Gallery, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, and the Uffizi in Florence. Special Arrangement

The city-based ‘Blades of Glory’, touted as a one-of-a-kind museum in India, dedicated only to the sport of cricket, has been added to the online ‘Google Art and Culture’ platform.

With this recognition on Thursday, cricket enthusiasts all over the world can now access a 360-degree view of the museum, the brainchild of Rohan Pate, a former U-19 Maharashtra cricket player. It features 30,000 items of cricket memorabilia in its collection.

Mr. Pate’s cricket museum now joins the ranks of elite museums like London’s Tate Gallery, the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York City, and the Uffizi in Florence. Google Arts and Culture is an online platform providing high resolution images of artworks housed in their partner museums.

‘Huge accolade’

“I feel extremely honoured and grateful that ‘Blades of Glory’ has been accredited by Google. This is a huge accolade and it will help fans around the world get acquainted with the museum,” Mr. Pate said.

The museum, set up in 2012, was inaugurated by Sachin Tendulkar. Boasting the largest cricket-related collection in the world, it has special sections dedicated to the game’s superstars like Mr. Tendulkar and Virat Kohli.

Stating that the venture was never intended to be a money-making enterprise, Mr. Pate said his passion for the game was behind the idea of his museum dedicated to cricket.

“When I first began, I had to wait 18 hours to get an autographed bat, but today, with the museum being better known, I can acquire cricket memorabilia more easily,” he said.

He recounted that in 2010, he happened to receive Mr. Tendulkar’s used bat, which triggered his love for collecting cricket-related items. “After we won the World Cup in 2011, I decided to tour different countries and collect signatures and articles. I remember visiting the Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) museum in London and wondering why there wasn’t such a place in India. That is what inspired me to begin the museum. When I started out in 2012, I had about 600 items, but today, the museum houses over 30,000 articles,” he said.

Visited, appreciated

His museum has been visited and appreciated by over 450 cricketers, including Vivian Richards, Clive Lloyd, Kapil Dev, Wasim Akram and Virendra Sehwag.

“I hope Google’s recognition will attract a new legion of cricket fanatics to visit the place. The 360-degree feature is of course a huge convenience for fans, but visiting the place in person is a different experience altogether. Seeing people feel motivated and emotional while touring ‘Blades of Glory’ gives me true joy and satisfaction,” Mr. Pate said.

Former Tamil Nadu DGP, who arrested Indira Gandhi, dies

V.R. Lakshminarayanan is regarded as one of India’s most distinguished officers

Eventful life ends: Commissioner of Police A.K. Viswanathan and former CoP Kalimuthu pay respects to V.R. Lakshminarayanan (right) in Chennai on Sunday. M. Vedhan

Former Tamil Nadu Director General of Police (DGP) V.R. Lakshminarayanan, regarded as one of India’s most distinguished IPS officers, died in the early hours of Sunday in Chennai at the age of 91. He was the brother of famed jurist Justice V.R. Krishna Iyer.

He graduated in Physics from Madras Christian College in 1945 and then opted for the police service as his father and brother were in the judiciary. A 1951 batch IPS officer, he began his career as Assistant Superintendent of Police (ASP) in Madurai.

As Joint Director of the Central Bureau of Investigation (CBI), soon after the Emergency had ended, on the orders of the Morarji Desai government, Mr. Lakshminarayanan arrested former Prime Minister Indira Gandhi.

Mr. Lakshminarayanan’s nephew A. Ranganathan pointed out that recalling the event in his memoirs Appointments and Disappointments, the IPS officer had said that upon going to her house, he had requested Rajiv Gandhi to urge his mother to surrender. “I don’t want the rude hands of a policeman to be laid on the sacred person of a lady who was a former Prime Minister and who also happens to be Nehru’s daughter,” he told Rajiv Gandhi.

After a while Indira Gandhi emerged from her room and asked, “Where are the handcuffs?” “I had served you loyally and well and got two medals from your hands for meritorious and distinguished service,” he told Indira Gandhi, and added that he had since become lazy and forgotten to bring the handcuffs.

During his tenure, he served in Nagaland as part of the Malabar Special Police. “After the Emergency period, Indira Gandhi wanted to make him Director of CBI, but MGR (former Chief Minister M.G. Ramachandran) wanted him back in Tamil Nadu and appointed him as Director General of Police,” he added.

Mr. Lakshminarayanan retired in 1985 as the DGP.

He is survived by son Suresh Lakshminarayanan and daughters Usha Ravi and Rama Lakshminarayanan. The funeral will be held on Tuesday morning at Anna Nagar crematorium.

Scientists decode genome of ‘miracle plant’

‘Arogyapacha’, endemic to the Agastya hills, is known for its medicinal properties

All-in-one herb: Arogyapacha is used by the Kani tribal community to combat fatigue. Special Arrangement

Scientists from the University of Kerala have decoded the genetic make-up of Arogyapacha (Trichopus zeylanicus), a highly potent medicinal plant endemic to the Agastya hills in the southern Western Ghats.

This ‘miracle plant’ is known for its traditional use by the Kani tribal community to combat fatigue. Studies have also proven its anti-oxidant, aphrodisiac, anti-microbial, anti-inflammatory anti-tumour, anti-ulcer, hepatoprotective and anti-diabetic properties.

The project was undertaken in the State Inter University Centre of Excellence in Bioinformatics at the Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics, University of Kerala.

The lack of a reference genome, which hindered extensive research on Arogyapacha, prompted the researchers to sequence the whole genome. “The project is bound to open up a new window to the plant’s molecular secrets,” says Achuthsankar S. Nair, head of the Department of Computational Biology and Bioinformatics.

Led by post-doctoral fellow Biju V.C., the project also had a group of bioinformaticians including Anu Sasi, Veena S. Rajan, Sheethal Vijayan, and Shidhi in the analysis and annotation of the genome. Another researcher from the department, Anoop P.K., a member of the Kani tribe, was also associated with the research.

According to Dr. Biju, the genome and annotation data will be a valuable resource to expedite research on Arogyapacha.

The manuscript on the genome has been accepted for publication in G3: Genes, Genomes and Genetics, a scientific journal published by the Genetics Society of America.

ILS develops antibodies against Chikungunya infection

Helps unravel virus pathogenesis; institute will partner with a biotech company for product commercialisation

Preventive measures: Workers during a fogging drive to repel mosquitoes in Delhi.V. Sudershan

The Institute of Life Sciences (ILS), which functions under the Department of Biotechnology, has entered into a non-exclusive license for product commercialisation after having successfully developed antibodies against the Chikungunya viral (CHIKV) infection.

The antibodies were developed following decade-long research on the CHIKV infection at the ILS laboratory headed by Dr. Soma Chattopadhyay, a senior molecular virologist. In fact, Dr. Chattopadhyay has been selected for the Biotech Product, Process Development and Commercialisation Award 2019 by the Department of Biotechnology.

The ILS will partner with a biotechnology-based company for product commercialisation and marketing of antibodies in a 60:40 profit sharing basis.

Significant impact

“Generation of antibodies has had significant impact on the progress of CHIKV-based research. It will help researchers unravel myriad aspects of virus pathogenesis. Moreover, with greater light shed upon the CHIKV infection biology using these antibodies, research communities are now a step closer to developing efficacious antivirals and other control strategies against the Chikungunya virus,” said Dr. Chattopadhyay.

“With no prior antibodies reported against CHIKV, Dr. Chattopadhyay’s group was the first to develop and characterize novel, highly sensitive and specific polyclonal antibodies against the non-structural proteins - nsP1, nsP3 and nsP4 of CHIKV. Furthermore, her laboratory has also developed and characterized a monoclonal antibody against nsP2 of CHIKV,” said ILS in a statement.

Lack of information

The molecular virologist, who has 20 years of experience in the field, and her team, started working on this aspect as there was hardly any information on the basic mechanisms underlying CHIKV virus infection and pathogenesis.

“These CHIKV proteins were chosen as targets specifically for their critical role in virus survival as they largely govern the overall process of replication and infection in host cells. Development of these antibodies [nsP2 monoclonal, nsP1, nsP3 and nsP4 polyclonals] was therefore crucial to perform experiments pertaining to CHIKV infection, and thereby advance our basic knowledge ” said the scientist.

ILS sources said the antibodies against CHIKV were receiving a tremendous response, and were being purchased by research laboratories across world.

‘Offer’ of talks comes amid bloodshed in Valley

A record number of 88 locals were killed this year, and highly trained militants are being pushed into Kashmir

Peace call: Hurriyat chairman Mirwaiz Umer Farooq made the offer of talks from the Jamia Masjid in Srinagar.NISSAR AHMAD

The reported offer of talks by the Hurriyat leadership comes amid operations against terrorists in Kashmir, in which a record number of 88 locals had been killed this year. The Jammu & Kashmir administration has said that recruitment to militant ranks is at its lowest now.

But since June 12 alone, 10 security personnel, five of them CRPF men, lost their lives, and 10 others were injured in various attacks, including the fidayeen strike in Anantnag on June 12 and a blast using an improvised explosive device (IED) in Pulwama on June 17. These took the death toll of security personnel to 73, the highest since the corresponding period of 2005, when over 100 were killed.

A quiet trip

As the battle against militancy continued, the Centre’s Special Representative for Jammu and Kashmir, Dineshwar Sharma, quietly visited Srinagar — his first trip after the Lok Sabha election results were announced on May 23.

The visit followed J&K Governor Satya Pal Malik’s statement on Saturday that the Hurriyat leaders were ready for talks and a change of guard in the Home Ministry, where BJP president Amit Shah has assumed office as Home Minister.

Mr. Sharma was appointed in 2017 to carry forward the dialogue with all stakeholders, but his role had been undermined in the past by parallel action initiated by the National Investigation Agency (NIA) and the Enforcement Directorate. Several separatists, including Syed Ali Shah Geelani and Mirwaiz Umer Farooq, are being investigated by the agency for funding terror groups.

“Yes, this was the first time after the general elections that I went to Srinagar. I would not like to disclose anything about the meetings,” Mr. Sharma told The Hindu.

Of late, terrorists in Kashmir have resorted to new tactics. Buoyed by back-to-back successful operations against local militants in the past six weeks without any major casualty, Major Ketan Sharma, 32, was confident of wrapping up within hours a pre-dawn operation started around 4 a.m. against a hiding militant at Badoora village in Anantnag on June 17.

Surprise element

The Army, however, was taken by surprise by the level of training of the “non-local” militant of the Jaish-e-Muhammad (JeM). Major Sharma took bullets inches below the bulletproof headgear on the face, as he volunteered to neutralise the hiding militant with grenades while changing position in an uneven courtyard.

“As soldiers raised their heads to fire at his position, the militant would fire back with precision. He succeeded in hitting four jawans. The fact that he hit the Major in the face shows his level of training. He was a freshly infiltrated militant [from Pakistan]. There is a bid to push highly trained militants from across from the border,” a senior police officer told The Hindu.

As the operation drew to a close at Achabal, three soldiers were injured, while Major Sharma lost his life.

Changing tack

Top police officers of the counter-insurgency cell and the special operations group (SOG) said the surprise element thrown up by the militants by changing tack and technology resulted in higher casualties this year.

“First, the suicide car blast on a CRPF convoy on February 14 inflicted the highest casualties, when 40 jawans died. In June, we saw a fidayeen militant coming close to a stationed CRPF mobile bunker at Anantnag’s busy market, killing five jawans and a police officer. In both these incidents, there was a surprise element,” a south Kashmir-based police officer said.

The change in tack and technology by terrorists was because the surprise, short pre-dawn operations employed by the security forces were yielding results, with 113 militants killed this year, the police officer said.

Of the 113, 25 were foreigners.

“Around 45% of them belonged to the Jaish-e-Muhammad. We stepped up operations against the group and its leadership after the February 14 attack and killed over 40 of them in south Kashmir,” another counter-insurgency cell officer said.

Another new tactic employed by the militants is to make IEDs locally and stage attacks away from the now-secured Srinagar-Jammu highway, which was, previously, the main focus of the militants.

“The June 17 IED attack, where it was fitted to a Maruti car, took place on an interior road near Aarihal in Pulwama. Over 10 jawans were injured and two were left dead,” the police officer said.

As the security forces take on the terrorists, it remains to be seen what happens with the reported offer of talks and the follow-up on Mr. Sharma’s visit.

India rejects Pakistan’s charge of politicising FATF

‘Allegation meant to deflect attention’

India on Sunday rejected Pakistan’s allegation that it had sought to “politicise” deliberations at the Financial Action Task Force (FATF), which concluded its plenary last week with more strictures against Pakistan.

According to sources, the government has taken a strong view of Pakistan’s accusation that India had launched a “malicious campaign” to use the FATF’s process for its own “narrow, partisan objectives” against Pakistan. Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry was, in turn, responding to India’s statement that time was running out for Islamabad to show action “Against Money Laundering and Combating Financing of Terror (AML/CFT)” by groups that pose a transnational risk.

Calling Pakistan’s statement on politicisation a “false ploy” meant to “deflect attention and evade scrutiny of [Pakistan’s] poor compliance of global standards on AML/CFT and hoodwink the global community”, the government sources pointed to Pakistan’s own attempts at trying to influence the outcome of the FATF process, which has placed the neighbour on a “greylist” of countries of concern. In June 2018, the FATF decided unanimously to put Pakistan on the greylist, and hand it a 27-point action plan meant to be implemented within 18 months (by September 2019). If it fails to fulfil its FATF commitments, it could face the “next steps” or being moved to the “blacklist”, the FATF has warned.

The sources say that instead of moving seriously on the checklist, including shutting down support for groups such as the Lashkar-e-Taiba and Jaish-e-Mohammad, Pakistan’s leadership has been trying to influence FATF member countries for support. At the most recent FATF plenary, where proceedings are meant to be secret and taken by consensus, Pakistan is believed to have received the backing of China, Turkey and Malaysia to avert being put on the blacklist immediately.

In particular, the sources pointed to Pakistan Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi’s visits to various capitals, and telephone calls to other FATF member governments asking for help in staving off pressure at the global watchdog body’s plenary session.

At the Orlando plenary, apart from China, Turkey and Malaysia, three countries Prime Minister Imran Khan has visited in the past few months, countries such as Indonesia, Saudi Arabia and the Gulf Cooperation Council members pitched for more time for Pakistan to comply with the action plan. However, the U.S., Japan and Israel joined India in ensuring a firm line was taken in the final outcome document.

Another potential worry for India is that China’s appointee Xiamen Liu has taken over the presidency of the FATF from the U.S. from this month. While the President essentially has an administrative position, he or she decides on the focus of the agenda. The outgoing president, Marshall Billingslea, for example, steered the body towards more strictures or “counter-measures” against Iran over the past year.

The rapid cross-fire of statements between Islamabad and New Delhi over the FATF’s latest strictures indicate that the next three months, ahead of the next plenary session when the task force will conduct a full review of Pakistan’s actions, will see more such heated exchanges. India has been publicly pushing for Pakistan to be placed on the “blacklist”, alongside Iran and North Korea for its failure to show “credible, verifiable, irreversible and sustainable measures” against terror groups operating within its territory.

Pakistan has often cried foul over India’s statements, and even wrote to the FATF earlier this year asking for India to be taken off the committee overseeing the review after former Finance Minister Arun Jaitley said Pakistan should be downgraded by the FATF.

A blacklist entry for Pakistan will mean it could lose potential loans and foreign investment, be shunned by the IMF, the World Bank, the ADB and the EU and also suffer a downgrade by credit rating agencies such as Moody’s, S&P and Fitch.

India searched for Pak. submarine

Post-Pulwama, Navy deployed a major part of its fleet close to Pakistani waters

The trigger: The Pulwama bomb attack triggered hostilities between India and Pakistan.REUTERSSTRINGER

Soon after the Pulwama terror attack, India pulled out its Navy from an exercise and deployed a major part of its fleet, including nuclear and conventional submarines, close to Pakistani territorial waters. During the aggressive deployment of the naval assets by the Indian side, the Pakistanis were getting an impression that might use its maritime force to avenge the killing of 40 CRPF personnel in a suicide bombing by Jaish-e-Mohammed (JeM).

India was continuously keeping an eye on the movement of the Pakistani military but after the Indian Air Force hit the Jaish terrorist factory in Balakot, one of the most advanced Pakistani Agosta-class submarines — PNS Saad — vanished from the Pakistani waters, a senior government source said.

Having accounted for all other surface warships and all the submarines, the vanishing act done by the PNS Saad fitted with air-independent propulsion (a technology which allows the submarines to stay for a longer period under water than normal submarines) swung the entire Indian Navy into action.

“The location near Karachi from where the PNS Saad vanished, it could reach the Gujarat coast in three days and the headquarters of the western fleet in Mumbai within five days and was seen as a major threat to the security of the country,” the sources said.

The anti-submarine warfare specialist warships and aircraft were positioned to help in the hunt for the missing Pakistani submarine.

“In all the areas where it could have gone in the given time frame, extensive searches were carried out by the Indian Navy,” the sources said. After 21 days of an extensive search, the Indian Navy located the PNS Saad on the western side of Pakistan. It was sent there for hiding, to ensure a covert capability in case of extension of hostilities in the aftermath of the Balakot air strikes.

Plea in SC seeks protection for non-Nagas in Dimapur

‘Imposition of ILP will create a country within a country’

The PIL plea challenges a law that gives unbridled power to Nagaland to prescribe ILP.

A petition filed before the Supreme Court has sought a direction to the Centre and the Nagaland government to take appropriate steps for the protection of life and liberty, properties and other fundamental rights of non-Nagas living in the commercial hub of Dimapur following the imposition of the Inner Line Permit (ILP).

BJP leader Ashwini Kumar Upadhyay, in a public interest litigation (PIL) petition, has challenged certain sections of the Bengal Eastern Frontier Regulation, 1873 which gives unbridled power to a State to prescribe ILP.

Section 2 of the Regulation empowers a State government to prescribe ‘Inner Line’ to prohibit citizens of India or any class of such citizens going beyond the prescribed line without a pass.

Mr. Upadhyay said the colonial-era regulation was passed by the then British government to prohibit Indian citizens to move in selects districts to create monopoly in business.

He said the State Cabinet had taken a decision to extend the operation of the 1873 Regulation in Dimapur.

“Therefore, many non-Nagas who have landed properties with commercial shops, godowns, etc. and who are staying in as tenants, and many locals who earn their income by means of collecting house rent from tenants would be adversely affected,” he said.

The plea said that “Gujaratis, Rajasthanis, Biharis, Jharkhandis, Bengalis, Gorkhas, Bodos, Dimasas, Karbis, Garos, etc. have been regarded as outsiders by the government of Nagaland, which is a racial discrimination.”

“Many traders/businessmen have to close down their business and leave Dimapur, a cosmopolitan town. Dimapur cannot be converted exclusively for hills tribes on racial ground when it was never an integral part of the Naga hills,” the petition said.

The petition contended that the imposition of the ILP would “create a country within a country ... and create a monopoly of trade, commerce, business only for new settlers who have come down to Dimapur from the Naga Hills and bar perpetual residency and right to free moment to others”.

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