* Important vocabs which frequently comes in the paper
7th April 2020

1. CONGREGATE (VERB): (एकत्रित होना): gather
Synonyms: assemble, collect
Antonyms: disperse
Example Sentence:
Some 4,000 demonstrators congregated at a border point.

2. EXTENSIVE (ADJECTIVE): (व्यापक):
large
Synonyms: large-scale, sizeable
Antonyms: small
Example Sentence:
He has an extensive garden in his bungalow.

3. THWART (VERB): (विफल करना): foil
Synonyms: frustrate, balk
Antonyms: assist, facilitate
Example Sentence:
The government had been able to thwart opposition leaders to form new parties.

4.EPIDEMIC(ADJECTIVE): (व्याप्त): rife
Synonyms: rampant, widespread
Antonyms: limited, local
Example Sentence:
Shoplifting has reached epidemic regions.

5. EMINENTLY (ADVERB): (उत्कृष्ट रूप से): very
Synonyms: greatly, highly
Antonyms: unimportantly
Example Sentence:
It is an eminently readable textbook.

6. CALAMITOUS (ADJECTIVE): (विनाशकारी): catastrophic
Synonyms: disastrous, devastating
Antonyms: fortunate, successful
Example Sentence:
A calamitous fire swept through the museum.

7. DEPLOY (VERB): (तैनात करना): post
Synonyms: position, station
Antonyms: concentrate
Example Sentence:
Forces were deployed at desired locations.

8. PRETERNATURAL (ADJECTIVE): (ग़ैरमामूली): extraordinary
Synonyms: exceptional, unusual
Antonyms: ordinary, natural
Example Sentence:
Autumn had arrived with preternatural speed.

9. LOOP (VERB): (लच्छा बनाना): coil
Synonyms: wind, twist
Antonyms: uncoil
Example Sentence:
She looped her arms around his neck.

10. INVOKE (VERB): (उद्धृत करना): cite
Synonyms: adduce, instance
Antonyms: waive
Example Sentence:
The antiquated defence of insanity is

1. TRIVIAL (ADJECTIVE): (महत्वहीन):
unimportant
Synonyms: insignificant,
inconsequential
Antonyms: important, essential
Example Sentence:
Huge fines were imposed for trivial offences.

2. PRESUME (VERB): (अनुमान लगाना):
suppose
Synonyms: assume, imagine
Antonyms: infer, deduce
Example Sentence:
I presumed that the man had been escorted from the building.

3. PREEMPTIVE (ADJECTIVE)(निवारक):
preventive
Synonyms: preventative, precautionary
Antonyms: permissive
Example Sentence:
He was the supporter of preemptive war and conservative fiscal policy.

4. ATTENUATE (NOUN): (कम करना):
weaken
Synonyms: reduce, lessen
Antonyms: strengthened
Example Sentence:
Her intolerance was attenuated by an unexpected liberalism.

5. ECSTATIC (ADJECTIVE): (उन्मादपूर्ण):
elated
Synonyms: enraptured, euphoric
Antonyms: miserable
Example Sentence:
Ecstatic fans filled the stadium.

6. FUSE (VERB): (मिलाना): blend
Synonyms: amalgamate, combine
Antonyms: separate
Example Sentence:
Intermarriage had fused the families into a large unit.

7. RESUME (VERB): (दोबारा आरम्भ करना): restart
Synonyms: recommence, start again
Antonyms: suspend, abandon
Example Sentence:
A day later normal service was resumed.

8. IMPLICIT (ADJECTIVE): (अंतर्निहित):
implied
Synonyms: indirect, inferred
Antonyms: explicit, direct
Example Sentence:
Comments seen as implicit criticism of the policies.

9. FABLED (ADJECTIVE): (प्रसिद्ध):
famed
Synonyms: celebrated, renowned
Antonyms: unknown, unsung
Example Sentence:
My art collection is fabled fortunately.

10. STICK (VERB): (अडिग रहना):
adhere
Synonyms: cling, remain
Antonyms: be forgotten
Example Sentence:
The plastic seats stuck to my skin.

1. EXAGGERATE (VERB): (अतिरंजना करना): overemphasize
Synonyms: overstate, overstress
Antonyms: understate, play down
Example Sentence:
He was apt to exaggerate any aches and pains.

2. DISCLOSURE (NOUN): (प्रकटीकरण):
revelation
Synonyms: divulgence, declaration
Antonyms: concealment
Example Sentence:
A judge ordered the disclosure of the government documents.

3. DEVASTATE (VERB): (झटका देना):
shatter
Synonyms: shock, stun
Antonyms: please, excite
Example Sentence:
She was devastated by the loss of her beloved husband.

4. DENOUEMENT (NOUN): (नतीजा):
result
Synonyms: outcome, upshot
Antonyms: origin
Example Sentence:
I waited by the eighteenth green to see the denouement.

5.HUMANITARIAN(ADJECTIVE): (मानवीय): compassionate
Synonyms: humane, unselfish
Antonyms: selfish
Example Sentence:
Groups sent humanitarian aid to needy.

6. INHIBITORY (ADJECTIVE): (निवारक):
preventive
Synonyms: preventative, precautionary
Antonyms: permissive
Example Sentence:
Children of labor were less likely of family preventive.

7. RESTRAINT (NOUN): (संयम):
control
Synonyms: self-control, self-restraint
Antonyms: abandon, forwardness
Example Sentence:
He urged the protestors to exercise restraint.

8. CRITICAL (ADJECTIVE): (आलोचनात्मक): condemnatory
Synonyms: censorious, condemning
Antonyms: complimentary
Example Sentence:
I was very critical of the previous regime.

9. DON (VERB): (पहनना): put on
Synonyms: pull on slip on
Antonyms: take off
Example Sentence:
In the dressing room the players donned their football shirts.

10. DISTRESS (NOUN): (पीड़ा):
pain
Synonyms: anguish, suffering
Antonyms: happiness, comfort
Example Sentence:
To his distress he saw that she was trembling.

1. CEASE (VERB): (रोकना): end
Synonyms: halt, conclude
Antonyms: begin, start
Example Sentence:
The present system of reaping without sowing should cease immediately.

2. NOSTALGIA (NOUN): (संस्मरण):
reminiscence
Synonyms: regret, remembrance
Antonyms: undesiring, undesirous
Example Sentence:
I was overcome with acute nostalgia for my days at university.

3. ELEMENTARY (NOUN): (प्राथमिक):
basic
Synonyms: rudimentary, fundamental
Antonyms: advanced
Example Sentence:
Every citizen deserves the elementary rights of citizenship.

4. EXODUS (NOUN): (निष्क्रमण): withdrawal
Synonyms: evacuation migration
Antonyms: arrival
Example Sentence:
The annual exodus of sun-seeking Canadians to Florida.

5. ENDORSEMENT (NOUN): (समर्थन):
support
Synonyms: backing, approval
Antonyms: opposition
Example Sentence:
The issue of full independence received overwhelming endorsement.

6. UNDERSCORE (VERB): (बल देना):
emphasize
Synonyms: highlight, play up
Antonyms: understate, play down
Example Sentence:
The company underscored the progress made with fuel cells.

7. CREDIBLE (ADJECTIVE): (विश्वसनीय): trustworthy
Synonyms: reliable dependable
Antonyms: untrustworthy
Example Sentence:
Few people found his story credible.

8. SOLICIT (VERB): (मांगना): seek
Synonyms: request, call for
Antonyms: claim, command
Example Sentence:
He called a meeting to solicit their views.

9. PROACTIVE (ADJECTIVE): (सक्रिय):
dynamic
Synonyms: driven, bold
Antonyms: passive, retroactive
Example Sentence:
Employers must take a proactive approach to equal pay.

10. DISSEMINATE (VERB): (प्रसार करना): circulate
Synonyms: spread, distribute
Antonyms: repress, suppress
Example Sentence:
Health authorities should foster good practice by disseminating information.

1. QUAINT (ADJECTIVE): (सुरम्य): charming
Synonyms: picturesque, attractive
Antonyms: modern, ugly
Example Sentence:
He lived more than seven hundred years ago in a quaint little town of Italy

2. UNDERLIE (VERB): (बुनियाद रखना): fundamental
Synonyms: basic, basal
Antonyms: subordinate
Example Sentence:
The fundamental issue which underlies the conflict.

3. SOBER (ADJECTIVE)(सौम्य):sensible
Synonyms: serious, solemn
Antonyms: light-hearted, frivolous
Example Sentence:
His eyes were twinkling, but he maintained a sober expression.

4. FRAGMENT (NOUN): (खंड): piece
Synonyms: bit, particle
Antonyms: whole
Example Sentence:
Australia is essentially the fragment of a great plateau land of Archean rocks.

5. DIVISIVE (ADJECTIVE): (बांटनेवाला): isolating
Synonyms: alienating, estranging
Antonyms: unifying
Example Sentence:
The highly divisive issue of abortion.

6. MALADY (NOUN): (रोग): illness
Synonyms: sickness, disorder
Antonyms: health
Example Sentence:
He suffered from an incurable malady

7. CYNICAL (ADJECTIVE): (अविश्वासी): distrustful
Synonyms: suspicious, doubtful
Antonyms: optimistic, credulous
Example Sentence:
Most residents are cynical about efforts to clean mobsters out of their city.

8. HARMONY (NOUN): (सामंजस्य): agreement
Synonyms: concord accord
Antonyms: disagreement
Example Sentence:
Man and machine in perfect harmony.

9. INEVITABLE (ADJECTIVE)(अपरिहार्य):unavoidable
Synonyms: inescapable, unpreventable
Antonyms: avoidable, uncertain
Example Sentence:
There will be inevitable consequences, which mold the future.

10. FRAY (NOUN): (दंगा): batttle
Synonyms: conflict, fifght
Antonyms: peace
Example Sentence:
He charged into the thick of the fray and went down fighting.

1.ACCOUNTABILITY(NOUN): (जवाबदेही):responsibility

Synonyms: liability, answerability

Antonyms: unaccountability

Example Sentence:

Lack of accountability has corroded public respect for business and political leaders.

2. CONCERTED (ADJECTIVE): (सम्मिलित):joint

Synonyms: united, coordinated

Antonyms: separate, individual

Example Sentence:

A concerted attempt to preserve religious unity.

3. ENSUING (ADJECTIVE): (आगामी):

 subsequent

Synonyms: following, succeeding

Antonyms: previous, prior

Example Sentence:

The theory was developed subsequent to the earthquake of 1906.

4. ENGENDER (VERB): (पैदा करना):

 generate

Synonyms: create, produce

Antonyms: stifle, destroy

Example Sentence:

The issue engendered continuing controversy.

5. ATROCITY (NOUN): (क्रूरता): 

cruelty

Synonyms: abomination, enormity

Antonyms: humaneness, mercy

Example Sentence:

A textbook which detailed war atrocities.

6. SEMBLANCE (NOUN): (समानता): similarity

Synonyms: resemblance

Antonyms: dissimilarity

Example Sentence:

It bears some semblance to the thing I have in mind.

7. ENDANGER (VERB): (जोखिम में डालना):imperil

Synonyms: jeopardize, risk

Antonyms: defend, protect

Example Sentence:

He was driving in a manner likely to endanger life.

8. SPARK (VERB): (उत्पन्न करना): 

cause

Synonyms: give rise to, begin

Antonyms: put an end to

Example Sentence:

The trial sparked many rumours.

9. OUTSTRIP (VERB): (आगे बढ़ना):

 surpass

Synonyms: exceed, beat

Antonyms: fall behind

Example Sentence:

Supply far outstripped demand.

10. NULLIFY (VERB): (अमान्य ठहराना):

 void

Synonyms: annul, invalidate

Antonyms: ratify, validate

Example Sentence:

Judges were unwilling to nullify government decisions.

1. ONSLAUGHT (NOUN): (हमला):
attack
Synonyms: assault, onset
Antonyms: defense, repulsion
Example Sentence:
The onslaught was unleashed on the day that G8 world leaders met at Gleneagles.

2. PROXIMITY (NOUN): (निकटता):
closeness
Synonyms: nearness, presence
Antonyms: distance
Example Sentence:
His close proximity sent her heart racing.

3. APATHY (NOUN): (उदासीनता):
indifference
Synonyms: unconcern, passivity
Antonyms: enthusiasm, interest
Example Sentence:
Widespread apathy among students was hard to witness.

4. CONVALESCE (VERB): (अच्छा हो जाना): recover
Synonyms: recuperate, get well
Antonyms: deteriorate
Example Sentence:
He spent eight months convalescing after the stroke.

5. SPURT (NOUN): (उछाल): spray
Synonyms: squirt, spout
Antonyms: contain
Example Sentence:
A brief spurt of tears gushed into her eyes.

6. RECUMBENT (NOUN): (समतल): flat
Synonyms: lying, horizontal
Antonyms: erect, standing
Example Sentence:
They are not recumbent, and the hair falling from the head is curled.

7. INCUMBENT (ADJECTIVE): (पदधारी): present
Synonyms: current, existing
Antonyms: past, future
Example Sentence:
The incumbent President was defeated.

8. SHUN (VERB): (टालना): avoid
Synonyms: evade, eshew
Antonyms: accept, welcome
Example Sentence:
He shunned fashionable society.

9. AMELIORATE (VERB): (सुधार होना):
improve
Synonyms: enhance, better
Antonyms: worsen
Example Sentence:
The reform did much to ameliorate living standards.

10. OUTRAGE (NOUN): (उल्लंघन करना):
violate
Synonyms: infuriate, enrage
Antonyms: Compliment
Example Sentence:
The public were outraged at the brutality involved.